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Common 8 kinds of plastic material characteristics and application scope and main processes

Oct 12-2020     Views: 238


ABS Plastic-Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene


Introduction: Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) is a thermoplastic synthetic polymer resin. It has a good balance of properties and can be tailored to suit special needs. Its main physical characteristics are: hard and firm. Resin grade ASS can have bending properties like synthetic rubber (or rubber). Among them, polybutadiene provides good compressive strength, non-crystalline styrene thermoplastics make the addition of ABS easier (more fluid in the mold), and acrylonitrile increases the fastness, hardness, and corrosion resistance. Effective control of these three components allows designers to design the degree of flexibility according to the needs of the final product. Perhaps because of this, ABS can be widely used in household products and white products. Although it is not as tough as other engineering polymers, it can effectively control costs. And you can review more details in our custom plastic parts.


Features: impact resistance, heat resistance, low-temperature resistance, etc., simple processing technology, good gloss, easy to color, and lower cost compared to other thermoplastics.


Applications: Electronic products, household appliances, automobiles, machinery and other industries. Now many prototype models are also made of ABS, 3D printing, etc.


Main process: steel injection molding, injection molding, TPO injection molding.


ABS Plastic Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene


ABS Plastic Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene




PP Plastic-Polypropylene (PP) is the cheapest plastic


Introduction: Because the price is cheap, it is often to avoid large-scale production while looking for ways to reduce the price of single products and processing costs. Simply put, it is to find a product that is not only suitable for mass production; use mass production to reduce unit cost, and at the same time, it does not need to meet mass production for high investment and high output.


Features: Colorless and translucent thermoplastic lightweight general-purpose plastic. It has chemical resistance, heat resistance, electrical insulation, high-strength mechanical properties and good high wear-resistant processing properties.


Applications: Furniture, packaging, lighting equipment, food packaging, table mats, folders, etc.


Main process: injection molding.


Pp Plastic-polypropylene (pp) Is The Cheapest Plastic


Pp Plastic-polypropylene (pp) Is The Cheapest Plastic


PC plastic-polycarbonate (referred to as PC)


Introduction: Polycarbonate (PC) is a modern material. The application of polycarbonate in this product is to interpret a typical object and shape. The direct reference to this design may be the wooden ladder found in the basement of your grandma's house. This product does not use wood but is made of another modern material that is completely suitable for this function. Polycarbonate is as hard as other polymers, yet light in weight, and can provide a variety of colors and post-treatment effects. As a member of a relatively young thermoplastic family, polycarbonate, like many other plastic materials, was accidentally discovered by General Electric Company (GE) in the early 1950s. This material is known for its ultra-clearness and ultra-strongness and is often used as a substitute for glass in applications such as transparency and smoothness.


Features: high strength and elastic coefficient, high impact strength, the wide temperature range of use; high transparency and free dyeability; low forming shrinkage, good dimensional stability; good fatigue resistance; good weather resistance; excellent electrical properties, very Strong high-temperature resistance up to 125C, fire resistance, radiation protection, durable, recyclable and non-toxic.


Applications: Home appliance housings (such as computer, TV, etc.), safety helmets, glasses, water cups, baby bottles, kitchen utensils, etc.


Main process: injection molding.


PC Plastic-polycarbonate (Referred To As PC)


PC Plastic-polycarbonate (Referred To As PC)




PU-Polyurethane Technology (PU)


Introduction: A material like skin, can breathe and stretch, but it can be shaped into various thicknesses. These characteristics were initially used in the medical and plastic surgery industries and were used as cushion materials for patients in hospitals. Technology is one of the materials applied to the new and more general field of interior goods through experiments. Technology is a combination of liquid and solid at the same time. The liquid can be poured into the mold to obtain the product, that is, other substances can be easily added to it. In the sheet state, the shape of the material can be obtained by embossing or cutting. Compared with water or silicone resin gel, its advantage is that it does not contain a plasticizer, that is to say, the material is not easy to lose its basic characteristics after a long time. It is the only gel that will not crack, harden, or age.


Features: good pressure dissipation, breathability (good absorption and release), strong recovery ability, easy to mix with decorative materials, strong shock absorption, strong pressure absorption, adjustable hardness, high elasticity, non-fading, can be pasted, Does not irritate the skin and can be cast.


Applications: Bicycle seats, plastic surgery seat cushions, insoles, office chairs, handles of tennis rackets, etc. The PU leather we often say is made of PU plastic.


Main process: injection casting, embossing, cutting.


PU-Polyurethane Technoge (PU)


PU-Polyurethane Technoge (PU)


PVC plastic-polyvinyl chloride PVC


Introduction: PVC may be one of the most widely used plastic materials, ranging from plastic doors and windows in daily life to water pipes, gutters, shoes, cable insulation, toys, injection-molded products, bright bodies, extruded products, and glass assembly, Packaging, credit cards. Wait, there are traces of it almost everywhere, and PVC material is also one of the cheaper plastic materials.


Features: flexible, easy to color, have a variety of hardness to choose from, can be extrusion molding, injection molding, and blow molding, can be reinforced with glass fiber, can maintain its characteristics at low temperatures, can be printed, recycled, good Tear and abrasion resistance, good sun and seawater resistance, good oil and chemical resistance.


Applications: Food packaging, electronic products, soft drink bottles, Miller beer bottles, and other products


Main process: injection molding, blow molding, or extrusion molding.


PVC Plastic-polyvinyl Chloride PVC


PVC Plastic-polyvinyl Chloride PVC


PET plastic-polyethylene terephthalate (PET)


Introduction: PET is usually used in the packaging of food and soft drinks. However, because beer is thermally sensitive to oxygen and carbon dioxide, PET is not suitable for beer. There are a total of 5 layers of plastic bottles, and the two layers sandwiched between the main layer of PET are oxygen decay, which can prevent oxygen from entering and exiting. Miller Beer Company, which produced the first plastic beer bottle in 2000, claimed that plastic bottles can keep beer cooler than aluminum cans, and even have the same effect as glass bottles. They can be resealed and are not easily broken.


Features: Recyclable (PET is one of the most recyclable plastic resins), excellent chemical resistance, hard and durable, excellent surface polishing, and good pressure resistance.


Applications: Soft drink bottles are the most common. Film sheets, electronic products, soft drink bottles, auto parts, machinery, and equipment, etc. Film sheets, electronic products, soft drink bottles, auto parts, machinery equipment film sheets, electronic products, soft drink bottles, auto parts, machinery equipment


Main process: injection casting blow molding.


PET Plastic-polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)


PET Plastic-polyethylene Terephthalate (PET)


PMMA Plastic-Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)


Brief introduction: Acrylic was developed in the 1930s when it was mainly used for the top rotating device of safety glass. Acrylic material was first registered as a well-known organic glass in 1934. The perfect combination of transparency and lightness makes it an interesting new type of plastic. By the 1960s, this material was discovered by avant-garde furniture designers and used in modern furniture and other indoor environments.


Features: A variety of manufacturing and processing methods, easy to process a variety of transparent, translucent and opaque, color, surface effects to choose from, excellent resistance to chemical substances and weathering, excellent resistance to chemical substances and weathering, high Print adhesion, fully recyclable, excellent visual clarity, special color creativity and color matching, high surface hardness, and good durability.


Applications: transparent-plexiglass, often used in display products retail signs, indoor products, furniture, lighting equipment, glass assembly.


Main process: injection molding.


PMMA Plastic-Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)


PMMA Plastic-Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)


CA plastic-cellulose acetate (CA)


Introduction: Cellulose acetate products have a warm touch, anti-perspiration, and self-luminous. It is a traditional polymer with bright colors and syrup-like transparency. It began to develop in the early 20th century, even earlier than insulating Bakelite. Since cellulose acetate has a marble-like effect, people can often apply it to tool handles, spectacle frames, hair clips, and other products, so it is also one of the most recognized polymers. Using it as a material for hand-made utensils can combine its excellent pressure resistance with a good feel. Other materials, such as polypropylene, have better compression resistance but feel more slippery. The self-brightness component in the cellulose acetate material comes from its softness, and slight scratches on the surface can be worn away. It contains cotton and wood (cellulose) components and can be molded by injection, transfer and extrusion. You can also buy its flake products.


Features: low thermal conductivity, flexible production, multiple visual effects, excellent fluidity, good surface gloss, good electrical insulation, anti-static, self-brightness, high transparency, strong pressure resistance, unique surface vision, recyclable Materials used.


Applications: tool handles, hair clips, toys, goggles and helmets, glasses frames, toothbrushes, tableware handles, combs, photo negatives and other products.


Main process: steel mold injection, secondary injection


CA plastic-cellulose Acetate (CA)


CA plastic-cellulose Acetate (CA)

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